The European Union sees Central Asia as one of the most strategically important regions. Trans-regional challenges such as human trafficking, drug trafficking, organised crime and terrorism influence the EU interests. The EU has been supporting the Central Asian States through various development and cooperation mechanisms.
Since border security is one of the key elements for stability of the whole region, the EU developed a special Programme in 2002, the Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA), aimed at enhancing security, fighting against illegal trafficking and facilitating trade in Central Asia.
Since its launch in 2003, BOMCA Programme has implemented phases targeting capacity building and institutional development, improving border management systems and preventing drug trafficking across the Central Asia region. Each new phase of BOMCA was designed to gradually continue the Actions implemented during the preceding phases of the Programme.
The current 9th phase of BOMCA intends to continue interventions in the areas of institution development, management of migration flows and trade facilitation.
In the framework of the 9th phase of BOMCA, during 19-20 July 2017 a group of representatives of Border Guard, Customs, Veterinary and Phytosanitary services of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan made a two-day study visit to the State Border Guard Service and its structural units deployed at the Lithuanian –Belarus border. The main aim of the study visit was to get familiar with the Lithuanian and EU best practice in the field of border security, including border control procedures, organizational structure of the services operating at the border, intra-agency, inter-agency and international cooperation, personnel policy and education system.